India's Struggle with Terrorism: From Islamist Terrorists to 26/11

Updated: Apr 4, 2020

Written by - Aman Goyal

Terrorism has been prickling the very idea of peace, which is the very purpose of UN, around the globe. Powerful countries with strong militia have joined hands to tackle this problem and have created various policies, organs, cells, forces, and teams both, globally and at a national level, to eradicate the problem. India has emerged as one of the world’s most consistent targets of Islamist militants. One of the most terror torn country of the world that takes regular terrorist infiltrations from across the border. As it is said popularly, its neighbors are some of the safe havens of terrorism and hence it becomes crucial for the nation to have an active counter terrorism mechanism and policy. The recent events have certainly showcased the consolidation of such policies.

Reports have affirmed the fact that over 225 terrorists have been brought down in the Jammu and Kashmir region of India this year.(1) On the stroke of this good news we shall take a look back at what shaped Modern day India’s counter terrorism policies.

The Indian sub-continent received continuous infiltrations of terrorists from the northern neighbors but was a rather ignored topic of the nation hidden under the covers of other political propagandas. It took Indians 10 migrants and 4 days to realize that terrorism could be devastating. Ever since the 26/11, India has been open and outspoken about the involvement of Pakistan in harboring terrorism. India did also manage to convince the western superpowers to accept their theory on Islamic radicalism.

Even though the state seems to be in a security high, the concerns are far from over. India’s police and internal security systems are fragmented and often poorly coordinated. The country’s political system leaves most policing responsibilities to the states, which usually possess their own counterterrorism and intelligence units. These forces are often poorly trained and underequipped. Local personnel are frequently hired on the basis of political patronage and are notorious for high levels of corruption.

To counter this problem, the country should have centralized terrorist cells taking major charges, counter terrorism forces should be well trained and equipped and should be a part of all forces including the border security forces, and the country should look forward to aggressive suppression of terrorism. While terrorism is an evil that cannot be removed completely, these are some of the steps that can be taken to counter terrorism and restore peace in the world.

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