The Changing Political Trend in India

Updated: Apr 4, 2020

By Vedant Upadhyay

Whenever we talk of politics in India our very first instinct goes to the democratic setup. And India’s democracy can never be imagined without the elections because we are probably one of those countries where elections content their literal meaning being it at the national or local level. Democracy and elections share a functional relationship and we have managed to maintain the propriety of this relationship as a result of which we happen to be the world’s largest democracy.

When we talk of utopian democracy- through which doesn’t exist- the foremost factor that comes to our mind is Majority. Majority sorts half of the dilemma of any democratic political system and apparently assures smooth functioning of the government. When we flip the pages of Indian political history the sad reality which we find is that the coalition era emerged at an opportunity cost of the idea of majority. The voters

never wanted such a democratic setup wherein they had to witness a different face every year holding the office of the Prime Minister. But it happened, and it happened because of the non-presence of the foremost tool of democracy.

The first decade of the twenty-first century witnessed the play of vote bank politics, the concept of politics in religion and religion in politics and the caste arrangement of the society.

The Lok Sabha elections of 2014 still upheld the dignity of the constitution, elections and the people of the country. But the recently concluded 2019 Lok Sabha elections drained the dignity and decorum of the established system which has been maintained since the time when the Constitution of India got enacted. Politicians belonging to any party did not leave a chance to prove their superiority by sounding vulgar, illogical and illiterate. There were politicians who did not have any other vision except dethroning the sitting Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi.

The saddening situation is that this vision of the united opposition was declared by one of the former Prime Ministers of the country. This election witnessed some of the caste-based alliances. One of these includes the alliance of Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and Samajwadi Party (SP). Yet they failed to achieve a respectable score in terms of a number of seats. The national president of one of the world’s oldest party continuously chanted the slogan of “chowkidar chor hai” yet he failed. He also repeatedly falsely claimed the corruption of the Rafale Jet deal yet he failed. The instances of booth capturing were reported from the parts of Bengal by the workers of Trinamool Congress yet they did not manage to get seats according to their expectations. The leaders of the world’s largest party also reacted to the claims of the united opposition.

They also used the same weapons like those used by the opposition. The very essence and spirit of the Model Code of Conduct were hampered but the Election Commission took no notice of it. This happens to be the strange reality of the recently concluded elections. The country has witnessed the Chief Election Commissioner like T.N Seshan and following the trend, the Commission should have emerged as one of the strongest constitutionally established system but the real picture shows something else.

There is one more wing without whom the elections cannot be completed. These are the faces in the electoral roll. They constitute the most significant part of the entire electoral process. This is the sect which creates the job of convincing the public for the politicians and the politician who does his job well emerges as victorious. But the recently concluded elections showed a different face of the faces of electoral roll. This time the public did not say anything but its vision was quite clear. They were determined to

voting for the person whom they believed could bring development to the nation.

In other words, the voters voted for the development and on the basis of caste and religion. There was a current flowing amongst the public. They decided on whom to trust upon but nobody could identify the direction of the flow of the current till the last minute. This election would be recorded with the name of one of the most dynamic elections as it was no ordinary elections but the decision maker of India’s destiny.

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